Vital Stats: Ottumwa, Iowa

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Great Houses of Chaco Canyon One associated with earliest and a lot of impressive of the canyon's great houses is known as Pueblo Bonito, a name that is spanish by Carravahal, a Mexican guide who accompanied a U.S. Army topographical engineer surveying the region in 1849 CE (many structures, including the canyon, have Spanish names or are derived from Spanish transliterations of names assigned by the Navajo, a Native American tribe whose country surrounds the canyon). Pueblo Bonito was planned and built in stages over a three-century period. It expanded to four or five stories in places, more than 600 rooms, and an area of a lot more than two acres while retaining its original D-shaped plan. Several interpretations of the role these structures performed have emerged in the absence of a definitive record. The possibility that great homes had primarily public functions - supporting intermittent influxes of people visiting the canyon for rites and commerce while also serving as public gathering areas, administrative centers, burial sites, and storage facilities - is now widely acknowledged. Based on the presence of usable rooms, these complexes most likely housed a small number of year-round, probably elite, occupants. Great mansions shared certain architectural qualities that reflected their particular public significance, in addition to their size. Many of them included a huge plaza surrounded by a single-storey line of rooms to the south and multi-story room blocks to the north, stepping from a single story at the plaza to the highest story at the straight back wall. The plaza feature at Chetro Ketl, another gigantic house that is great the canyon, is rendered even more magnificent by its artificial height more than 3.5 meters above the canyon flooring - a feat that required the hauling of tons of earth and rock without the use of draft animals or wheeled vehicles. Kivas were huge, round, usually underground chambers that were included into the plazas and room blocks of great mansions.   North West New Mexico's Chaco Canyon National Historical Park is a great location if you're starting from Ottumwa, Iowa. From the 9th through the 12th centuries CE, Chaco Canyon was the heart of a pre-Columbian civilization that flourished in the San Juan Basin of the American Southwest. The Chacoan civilization marks a unique phase in the history of an ancient culture now known as "Ancestral Puebloans" because of its ties to modern indigenous peoples of the Southwest whose lives revolve around Pueblos, or apartment-style housing that is communal. The Chacoans created gigantic works of public architecture that had no predecessor in prehistoric North America and remained unrivaled in scale and intricacy until historic times - a feat that required long-lasting planning and extensive social organization. The precise alignment of these buildings with the cardinal directions and the cyclical positions of the sun and moon, as well as the profusion of exotic trade objects found within these buildings, indicate that Chaco was a sophisticated culture with strong spiritual connections to the surrounding nature. This fluorescence that is cultural all the more amazing since it occurred in the high-altitude semi-arid desert of the Colorado Plateau, where even survival is a feat, and because the long-term planning and organization required was done without the use of a written language. With evidence confined to goods and constructions left behind, many tantalizingly crucial questions concerning Chacoan civilization remain only partially answered despite decades of study.   Go to North West New Mexico's Chaco Canyon National Historical Park from Ottumwa, Iowa.

The average family size in Ottumwa, IA is 2.93 family members members, with 66.7% being the owner of their own dwellings. The mean home valuation is $73727. For those renting, they spend an average of $727 monthly. 48.6% of homes have dual sources of income, and a median household income of $41722. Average individual income is $26275. 16.6% of inhabitants are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 14.4% are considered disabled. 9.1% of inhabitants are ex-members for the US military.