Columbia, Missouri: An Awesome Place to Work

Columbia-The Anasazi Range

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Monument from Columbia, MO. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an stream that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. The timber sources that were used to construct roofs and higher-story levels were once plentiful in the canyon. However, they disappeared around the time the Chacoan fluorescence occurred due to deforestation or drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach forests that are coniferous the west and cut down trees. They then dried them and came back to the canyon to transport them. It was a difficult task, considering that every tree required a team of workers to transport and much more than 200 000 trees were utilized in building the three-century old great houses and great kivas. The Designed Landscape of Chaco Canyon. Chaco Canyon was a small part of the vast linked land that provided rise to Chacoan civilisation. There had been over 200 settlements outside the canyon with magnificent homes and kivas, built using the same brick design and style as the ones inside. Although most of these settlements were located in the San Juan Basin they also covered an area of Colorado Plateau that was bigger than England. The Chacoans created a network of roads to link these communities to each various other by leveling and digging the bottom, and sometimes adding brick curbs or clay to support them. Many of these roads start at the large canyon buildings and extend outwards in amazing straight sections. Even whenever steep landforms prevalent in the American Southwest (e.g., mesas and buttes) crossed their route, Chacoans preserved the linearity of these roadways by building stairways or ramps into cliff walls. Considering the tremendous difficulty of such an approach, as well as the fact that several roads had no obvious destinations and were constructed wider than necessary for foot transit (many were 9 meters broad), it is probable that the roads had a largely symbolic or spiritual role, leading pilgrims journeying to rites or any other gatherings. To facilitate faster communication, certain homes that are great positioned within line of sight of one another and shrines on neighboring mesa tops, enabling for the signaling of other houses and distant areas by fire or sunlight reflection. Fajada Butte has a commanding position in Chaco Canyon. The widespread practice of aligning structures and roadways with the cardinal directions and the positions of the sun and moon at critical seasons such as solstices, equinoxes, and lunar standstills added structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. The front wall and the wall separating the plaza of the truly amazing house Pueblo Bonito, for example, are oriented east-west and north-south, respectively, whereas the location is directly west of Chetro Ketl. Casa Rinconada, a 19-meter-diameter grand kiva inside the canyon, with two opposing inner T-shaped doors arranged along a north-south axis and two outside doors oriented east-west, through which the rising sun passes directly only on the morning of an equinox (whether this latter alignment existed during Chacoan times is unknown given repair work done in the canyon).  

The average family unit size in Columbia, MO is 2.94 residential members, with 47.4% being the owner of their own homes. The average home value is $191486. For those renting, they spend on average $887 per month. 59.9% of families have 2 incomes, and a median household income of $51276. Average individual income is $25987. 21.8% of citizens survive at or beneath the poverty line, and 10.1% are disabled. 5.4% of inhabitants are ex-members for the US military.
The labor pool participation rate in Columbia is 66.4%, with an unemployment rate of 4.4%. For those of you when you look at the labor force, the typical commute time is 16.6 minutes. 24.8% of Columbia’s populace have a grad degree, and 27.4% have earned a bachelors degree. For people without a college degree, 24.9% have some college, 18.1% have a high school diploma, and only 4.8% possess an education less than senior high school. 6.8% are not covered by medical health insurance.