Owasco: A Pleasant City

Owasco-Cliff Dwellings

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Historical Park (NW New Mexico) from Owasco, New York. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an intermittently running creek) that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and story that is upper, were formerly contained in the canyon but vanished around the period of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an outcome, Chacoans went 80 kilometers by walking to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an period that is extended of to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no undertaking that is easy given that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a group of people, and that more than 200,000 trees had been utilized for the three centuries of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high density of architecture on a scale never seen formerly within the region, it had been merely a component that is small the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic brick design and style as those found within the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these web sites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the ground that is underlying, in some cases, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently started at huge buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in perfectly straight parts.   Chacoans built ramps or stairs into the walls of cliffs to preserve the straightness of the roadways, even though the terrains that are steep in the American Southwest, such as mesas, buttes, and other mountainous landforms, crossed their path. Given the difficulty involved in such an approach and the fact that many roads were not obvious to their destinations, some roads were much wider than needed for foot transit (9 meters wide) it seems likely that these roads played a symbolic or function that is spiritual leading pilgrims to other events or rites. Certain great houses had been put within a line of sight from each other and shrines that are nearby. This allowed for faster communication and the ability to signal distant places by sunlight representation or fire. Fajada Butte occupies a dominant position in Chaco Canyon. Aligning roads and structures with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of sun and moon during critical seasons like solstices and equinoxes and lunar standsstills has been a practice that is common Chacoan culture. This added structure to the environment. As an example, the front wall of Pueblo Bonito's great house is oriented north-south and east-west, while the actual location of Chetro Ketl is west. Casa Rinconada is a grand kiva of 19 meters in diameter, located inside the canyon. It has two T-shaped internal doors that are organized on a north-south line and two external doors that face east. The rising sun can pass through these doorways only when the canyon is open for repair.

The typical household size in Owasco, NY is 2.99 residential members, with 95.2% being the owner of their very own homes. The mean home value is $188340. For people renting, they pay on average $889 per month. 56% of families have 2 sources of income, and a median domestic income of $87679. Median income is $39563. 3.9% of inhabitants live at or beneath the poverty line, and 8.2% are considered disabled. 8.4% of inhabitants are former members of the US military.
Owasco, NY is found in Cayuga county, and includes a community of 3656, and is part of the more Syracuse-Auburn, NY metropolitan region. The median age is 50.5, with 11.9% of the community under ten years old, 9.2% between ten-nineteen many years of age, 11.5% of citizens in their 20’s, 7.1% in their 30's, 9.1% in their 40’s, 17.4% in their 50’s, 16.5% in their 60’s, 10.7% in their 70’s, and 6.7% age 80 or older. 50.6% of citizens are men, 49.4% women. 60.2% of citizens are reported as married married, with 8.3% divorced and 23.1% never wedded. The % of citizens identified as widowed is 8.5%.