Chula Vista: A Delightful Town

The Interesting Story Of Chaco National Park (New Mexico)

Lets visit North West New Mexico's Chaco Canyon National Monument from Chula Vista, California. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Natural sandstone reservoirs had been perhaps not the only sources of precipitation. Rainwater has also been collected in dammed and well-constructed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. Also, runoff from the ditches went to ponds where it was channeled. The canyon used to be rich in timber, which was essential for building roofs or higher stories. However, this has been lost due to deforestation and drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the canyon to reach forests that are coniferous the west and south, cutting down the trees, then peeling them and drying them for a longer time before they returned to the canyon. It was no small feat considering that each tree required a long trip by several people. Additionally, approximately 200,000 trees were used during three centuries of construction and upkeep of twelve houses that are large large kivas within the canyon. Canyon's Designed Landscape. Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of unusually high-density building, however it was just a small percentage of the vast linked land that gave rise towards the Chacoan civilisation. There were more than 200 settlements which had large buildings or kivas that is large used the same brick architecture and style as those found outside of the canyon. These sites were more common in the San Juan Basin but they also covered a greater area of Colorado Plateau than England. Chacoans created a road that is complex to connect the different settlements with the canyon. They dug and levelled the surface, adding clay curbs and stone supports. They are often built in canyons with large domiciles, and extend outward in amazing straight sections. The presence of cocoa indicates a migration of ideas along with material items from Mesoamerica to Chaco. Cacao was venerated because of the Maya civilisation, who used it to produce beverages that were frothed by pouring back and forth between jars before being consumed during elite rites. Cacao residue was discovered on potsherds in the canyon, most likely from tall cylindrical jars found in surrounding sets and similar in shape to those used in Maya rites. Many of these expensive trade products, in addition to cacao, are thought to have served a ceremonial function. They were unearthed in large quantities in great houses' storerooms and burial rooms, among items having ritual meanings such as carved wooden staffs, flutes, and animal effigies. One room alone at Pueblo Bonito had around 50,000 pieces of turquoise, another 4,000 pieces of jet (a dark-colored sedimentary rock), and 14 macaw bones. Tree band data collections show that great house construction halted around c. 1130 CE markings the start of a 50-year drought in the San Juan Basin. With life at Chaco already precarious during periods of average rainfall, an extended drought would have stressed resources, precipitating the civilization's downfall and exodus from the canyon and numerous outlying sites, which would have ended by the middle of the 13th century CE. Proof of the sealing of large house doors and the burning of great kivas recommends a probable spiritual acceptance with this shift in circumstances - a prospect made more feasible by the role that is central plays in Puebloan origin legends.  

Chula Vista, CA is found in San Diego county, and includes a residents of 274492, and exists within the greater metropolitan area. The median age is 35.5, with 13.6% of this residents under 10 several years of age, 14.3% are between ten-nineteen several years of age, 14.2% of town residents in their 20’s, 14.3% in their 30's, 14.5% in their 40’s, 11.9% in their 50’s, 9.1% in their 60’s, 4.9% in their 70’s, and 3.2% age 80 or older. 49.3% of town residents are male, 50.7% women. 50% of inhabitants are reported as married married, with 10.8% divorced and 34.1% never wedded. The percent of citizens recognized as widowed is 5.1%.
The typical family size in Chula Vista, CA is 3.75 household members, with 59.1% owning their very own houses. The average home appraisal is $491830. For people leasing, they pay on average $1622 monthly. 56.2% of households have dual incomes, and a median household income of $81272. Average individual income is $33483. 9.6% of inhabitants are living at or beneath the poverty line, and 9.7% are considered disabled. 8.2% of inhabitants are former members for the armed forces.
The labor pool participation rate in Chula Vista is 65.7%, with an unemployment rate of 9%. For the people within the work force, the typical commute time is 30 minutes. 9% of Chula Vista’s community have a graduate diploma, and 20.4% posses a bachelors degree. For those without a college degree, 33.1% have at least some college, 20.3% have a high school diploma, and just 17.2% have an education not as much as senior high school. 7.4% are not included in health insurance.