Ellsworth: An Enjoyable Place to Live

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Lets visit Chaco National Monument in NW New Mexico from Ellsworth, KS. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater had been caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (intermittently running stream) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches, in addition to natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber sources, which had been needed to create roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an length that is extended of to minimize weight, before returning and transporting them straight back to the canyon. This was no undertaking that is easy given that each tree would have taken a team of workers several days to transport, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized in the building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites over three centuries. Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was just a tiny part of a huge linked territory that created Chacoan civilisation despite the fact that Chaco Canyon had a density of construction never seen previously in the region. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large homes and magnificent kivas built in the same distinctive brick style and design as those found inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although the majority of these sites were found in the San Juan Basin, a stretch was covered by them of the Colorado Plateau higher than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to the other person by digging and leveling the ground that is underlying, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads often began at large buildings inside the canyon and beyond, and then radiate outward in amazingly parts that are straight.   Chacoans moved to areas in the west, north and south that were less marginal, to reflect Chacoan influence. Chacoan communities were scattered throughout Southwest by droughts that carried on well into the Century that is 13th CE. Present Puebloan inhabitants mainly residing in Arizona, New Mexico consider Chaco to be part of their ancestral homeland day. This is certainly evident by the history that is oral down from generations. In the second half the 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon. People ripped down large house walls and gained access to their chambers. The impact of this destruction was evident in archeological excavations and surveys that began in 1896 CE. This led to the establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument, in 1907 CE. It put an end looting that is unregulated enabled systematic archaeological investigations. The monument was extended in 1980 CE and renamed Chaco heritage National Historical Park. It ended up being included with the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987 CE. Pueblo descendants can nevertheless connect to the spot as a living symbol of their shared history by coming back to honor their ancestors. Roads were also built by the chacoans that are ancient. Archaeologists have uncovered highways that are straight through the desert, stretching hundreds of miles from Chaco Canyon into Colorado and Utah. Roadways extend out from large residences like spokes in a wheel, while other people follow natural terrain formations; some packed planet roads are 30 foot wide. According to one notion, these roads are sacred trails utilized by pilgrims to reach Chaco Canyon and other dwellings that are great ceremonies. Archaeologists have been studying Chaco since the late 1800s, but despite the surviving stone ruins, it is still unclear how Chacoan people lived, what their society was like, and why they stopped constructing and migrated away in the 12th century. Archaeologists unearthed the following relics at Chaco: geometrically adorned ceramics for bowls, canteens, cooking pots, ladles, pitchers, mugs, water jars (olla), black colored stone finger rings, shell necklaces, turquoise pendants, wood headdresses, whistles and flutes, stone knives and axes, ceremonial staffs, sandals, shreds of cloth, feathered cloaks, metates for grindin Corn, squash, and beans were staples for the Chacoans, as was cotton for textiles, which was grown by farmers in villages several kilometers away. They hunted pets for meat with bows and arrows and manufactured exquisite pottery for offerings and domestic use. Murals were painted on underground kivas, and rituals may have included dancing and music. Chaco traded for hundreds of kilometers turquoise and shells away, imported macaws, and drank chocolate from Central America.  

The average family unit size in Ellsworth, KS is 2.86 residential members, with 66.6% owning their own houses. The average home value is $112949. For individuals paying rent, they pay an average of $641 per month. 59.7% of homes have two sources of income, and a median household income of $50000. Median individual income is $24139. 5.9% of residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 19.5% are considered disabled. 6.9% of citizens are former members of the military.
Ellsworth, KS is situated in Ellsworth county, and includes a population of 2961, and is part of the higher metropolitan region. The median age is 36.6, with 9% of the population under ten years old, 8.4% between 10-nineteen several years of age, 18.8% of residents in their 20’s, 17.5% in their 30's, 14.4% in their 40’s, 9.5% in their 50’s, 11.2% in their 60’s, 6.1% in their 70’s, and 5.1% age 80 or older. 64.5% of inhabitants are male, 35.5% women. 45.6% of citizens are reported as married married, with 16.6% divorced and 30.1% never married. The percent of residents recognized as widowed is 7.7%.