Now, Let's Give Wood River, IL Some Pondering

The typical family unit size in Wood River, IL is 2.95 family members, with 64.6% being the owner of their own dwellings. The mean home valuation is $81539. For those people paying rent, they pay out an average of $779 monthly. 50% of households have dual sources of income, and an average household income of $46860. Median individual income is $26551. 21% of residents live at or beneath the poverty line, and 15.5% are disabled. 8.6% of residents are former members associated with the armed forces.

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Plenty of people from Wood River, IL visit Chaco Canyon (NM, USA) each  year. Based in the usage of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center area for surrounding villages made of (relatively) small buildings. To sustain large multi-story buildings that held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An inner core of roughly-hewn sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was complete to protect the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects of this magnitude needed a number that is huge of vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the very best of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored rock lower down cliffs. Water, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.