Fundamental Data: Monterey Park, California

A Petroglyph Video Program About Chaco National Park (New Mexico)

Lets visit New Mexico's Chaco Canyon from Monterey Park, CA. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   The rainwater gathered in the Chaco Wash was kept in the Chaco arroyo, an intermittently flowing river, along with the natural sandstone reserves. There were timber resources that could have been used to make the roofs, and floors that are top but they disappeared due to deforestation and dryness. Chacoan traveled 80 kilometer to reach coniferous forests west and south, cutting down trees, drying the wood, and finally returning to the canyon to bring everyone. It was a difficult task as each tree had to be transported. Chacoan also had a need to construct and repair a total of ten houses that are large kiva locations in the canyon, which would have been enough for approximately 200,000 trees. Chaco Canyon's designed landscape. Chaco Canyon was an area with high architectural standards, but the canyon was only a small section of what is now the Chacoan civilization. It was only a tiny section of the canyon. There were more than 200 large houses and large kivas built in the same style as the ones in the canyon. However, they are smaller in scale. The San Juan Basin had the number that is largest of sites, but the Colorado plateau contained more than the entire population of England. Chacoans created a complex network of roads through excavating the ground and adding brick or earthen curves to link all of them every single other. The roads ran amazingly far outwards from large homes located in the canyon. Chacoans moved to areas to the west, north and south that were less remote, as a total result of Chacoan influence. The persistence of droughts, which lasted well into the 13th Century CE, impeded the creation of an system that is integrated to Chaco's. This led to the dispersion of Chacoan communities for the Southwest. Current Puebloan residents primarily in Arizona and New Mexico see Chaco as their ancestral homeland. This is confirmed by dental histories that are passed down through generations. The 19th century CE significant vandalism took place in Chaco Canyon in the second half. People ripped down large house walls and gained access to their chambers. In 1896 CE archaeological surveys and excavations revealed the extent of the destruction. This led to establishment of Chaco Canyon National Monument (in 1907 CE), which put an end to illegal looting and allowed systematic archaeological investigations. The monument had been renamed and expanded Chaco Culture National Historical Park in 1980 CE. It was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for 1987 CE. Puebloan descendants can connect to the still place they grew up in by going back to honor their particular ancestors' spirits.

The typical household size in Monterey Park, CA is 3.39 family members members, with 52.1% being the owner of their very own dwellings. The average home appraisal is $616205. For those people leasing, they spend on average $1400 monthly. 52.6% of households have dual sources of income, and a median household income of $61819. Average individual income is $26262. 13% of town residents survive at or below the poverty line, and 10.3% are considered disabled. 2.9% of residents of the town are ex-members associated with armed forces of the United States.
Monterey Park, CA is situated in Los Angeles county, and includes a populace of 59669, and rests within the higher Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA metro area. The median age is 44.1, with 9.1% for the population under 10 years old, 9.7% between 10-19 years old, 12.2% of residents in their 20’s, 13% in their 30's, 12.8% in their 40’s, 14.3% in their 50’s, 13.7% in their 60’s, 7.9% in their 70’s, and 7.3% age 80 or older. 48.1% of inhabitants are men, 51.9% women. 50.6% of residents are reported as married married, with 8.8% divorced and 33.2% never wedded. The % of citizens recognized as widowed is 7.4%.
The work force participation rate in Monterey Park is 56.8%, with an unemployment rate of 5.2%. For all those when you look at the work force, the common commute time is 30.4 minutes. 9.5% of Monterey Park’s population have a masters degree, and 22.3% have a bachelors degree. For people without a college degree, 23.9% attended some college, 23.7% have a high school diploma, and just 20.7% have an education not as much as twelfth grade. 6.6% are not included in health insurance.