Edmond, OK: An Enjoyable Place to Visit

Edmond, Oklahoma-Indian Ruins

Lets visit Chaco National Monument (NW New Mexico) from Edmond. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was caught in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (intermittently running stream) that cut the canyon, Chaco Wash, and in ponds to which runoff was diverted by a system of ditches, along with natural sandstone reservoirs. Timber sources, which had been needed to build roofs and upper story levels, were formerly abundant in the canyon but vanished about the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As a consequence, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an extended length of time to minimize weight, before returning and transporting them straight back to the canyon. This was no easy undertaking, given that each tree would have taken a team of workers several days to transport, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized in the building and renovation of the canyon's approximately dozen major great house and great kiva sites over three centuries. Chaco Canyon's Designed Landscape. The canyon was just a tiny part of a huge linked territory that created Chacoan civilisation despite the fact that Chaco Canyon had a density of construction never seen previously in the region. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large homes and magnificent kivas built in the same distinctive brick style and design as those found inside the canyon, but on a lesser scale. Although the majority of these sites were found in the San Juan Basin, a stretch was covered by them of the Colorado Plateau more than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to each other by digging and leveling the ground that is underlying, in some instances, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads often began at large buildings inside the canyon and beyond, and then radiate outward in amazingly parts that are straight.   The road was paved with steep types, such as for example table, butte, and table, which are common within the US Southwest. Nonetheless, the Chacoans kept their lines and built ramps and stairs in the high cliffs. The lack of roads wider than needed for transportation by foot, and the high level of hardship caused by the road's width (many roads were more than 9 meters in length), meant that the roads were only used to symbolise or spiritually. They could also be used to allow pilgrims access to houses that are large to lead them with other events. Many large structures were built along the view line, and nearby shrines have been added to allow for faster communication. These shrines permit the lighting of candles or sun from distant locations and other homes. Fajada butte, a large presence in Chaco Canyon is an example. To include construction to your Chacoan world, it has been a long-standing practice to align roads and buildings with the cardinal directions as well as the positions of the sun and moon at turning points like solstices and equinoxes. The front wall, and the wall that divides the square of Pueblo Bonito's great house, are aligned into the north, east and west. Casa Rinconada is 19m wide and is located on the pitch. It has two T-shaped doors that face the direction that is south-south as well as two outside doors that align with the East-West axis. The sun rises just on mornings, therefore it is not clear if the framework existed in the Chacoan period.

The average family size in Edmond, OK is 3.08 household members, with 68.2% owning their own homes. The average home valuation is $239968. For those paying rent, they pay out on average $1047 per month. 54% of households have dual incomes, and the average domestic income of $81473. Median income is $37070. 10.1% of citizens exist at or beneath the poverty line, and 11.2% are disabled. 8.2% of residents are ex-members for the US military.